European Environmental and Public Law

The new rules would oblige companies to integrate their human rights and environmental impact into their management systems.

By Paul A. Davies, Michael D. Green, and James Bee

On December 14, 2023, the European Council (Council) and European Parliament (Parliament) reached provisional agreement on the Corporate Sustainability Due Diligence Directive (CSDDD). The agreement follows an extensive negotiation processes, which began in June 2023, after the European Commission had initially proposed the CSDDD in February 2022.

The CSDDD’s key aim is to enhance the protection of the environment and human rights globally. The CSDDD as proposed will set obligations for companies regarding the actual and potential adverse impacts of their own operations, those of their subsidiaries, and those carried out by business partners, described as the “business chain of activities.” The CSDDD would also establish a requirement for large EU companies to adopt a plan to ensure that their business model and strategy are compatible with the Paris Agreement, i.e., including concrete targets and measures in line with limiting global warming to 1.5 °C.

The proposed CSDDD would establish rules on penalties and civil liability for infringements (although these will ultimately be set by Member States).

The regulation aims to minimise the EU’s contribution to deforestation and forest degradation.

By Paul A. Davies, Michael D. Green, and James Bee

The European Deforestation Regulation (EUDR) entered into force on 29 June 2023, following publication in the Official Journal of the European Union. However, the main requirements and prohibitions of the EUDR will apply from 30 December 2024, 18 months after the entry into force.

The regulation forms part of the European Green Deal (for more information on the Green Deal, refer to Latham’s blog post here), which includes a proposal to ensure EU consumption does not contribute to deforestation and forest degradation. The EUDR will repeal and broaden the scope of the existing EU Timber Regulation.[i]