By Michael J. Gergen and Miles B. Farmer

On May 23, 2014, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit Court issued a decision in Electric Power Supply Association v. FERC (“EPSA”) vacating and remanding FERC’s Order No. 745, which provides compensation for demand response resources that participate in the energy markets administered by Regional Transmission Organizations (“RTOs”) and Independent System Operators (“ISOs”).  The decision holds that the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (“FERC” or “Commission”) did not have jurisdiction under the Federal Power Act (“FPA”) to issue Order No. 745 because demand response is part of the retail market, which is exclusively within the states’ jurisdiction to regulate.  Furthermore, the court holds that even if FERC did have jurisdiction under the FPA to issue Order No. 745, the Order would still fail as arbitrary and capricious because FERC failed to properly consider concerns of the petitioner and other parties that Order No. 745 would result in unjust and unreasonable rates because it would overcompensate demand response resources.

by David Pettit

On August 1, 2012, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the Resolving Environmental and Grid Reliability Conflicts Act of 2012 (H.R. 4273) with broad bipartisan support to address the unenviable position of power plants that could become subject to liability under the Clean Air Act for complying with an order to operate and ensure reliability under the Federal Power Act. 

This tension between the Department of Energy’s (DOE) authority under the Federal Power Act to order power

By David E. Pettit

Since its decision in American Ref-Fuel Company in 2003, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (“FERC”) has taken the view that avoided cost power purchase agreements between a qualifying facility (“QF”) and a utility buyer under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (“PURPA”), often referred to as a “PURPA Put Contract,” do not also convey renewable energy certificates (“RECs”) to the utility buyer unless the contract expressly states otherwise.  RECs are state-created and state-issued instruments