By David E. Pettit

Since its decision in American Ref-Fuel Company in 2003, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (“FERC”) has taken the view that avoided cost power purchase agreements between a qualifying facility (“QF”) and a utility buyer under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (“PURPA”), often referred to as a “PURPA Put Contract,” do not also convey renewable energy certificates (“RECs”) to the utility buyer unless the contract expressly states otherwise.  RECs are state-created and state-issued instruments